Admiral Forrest Percival Sherman
Forrest Percival Sherman (30 October 1896 – 22 July 1951) was
an admiral in the United States Navy and the youngest man to serve as
Chief of Naval Operations until Admiral Elmo Zumwalt became Chief of
Naval Operations in 1970.
Born in Merrimack, New Hampshire, Sherman was a member of the Naval
Academy class of 1918, graduating in June, 1917 due to America's entry
into World War I. During and shortly after World War I, he served in
European waters as an officer of the gunboat NASHVILLE (PG-7) and
destroyer MURRAY (DD-97). In 1919–21, Sherman was assigned to
the battleship UTAH (BB-31) and destroyers REID (DD-292) and BARRY
(DD-248), serving as Commanding Officer of the latter.
Following duty as Flag Lieutenant to Commander Control Force, Atlantic
Fleet, he received flight training at NAS Pensacola, Florida.
Designated a Naval Aviator in December 1922, Lieutenant Sherman was
assigned to Fighting Squadron TWO (VF 2) until 1924, when he returned
to Pensacola as an instructor. Study at the Naval War College was
followed in 1927 by service in the aircraft carriers LEXINGTON (CV-2)
and SARATOGA (CV-3). While in the latter ship, he commanded Scouting
Squadron TWO and was Flag Secretary to Commander Aircraft Squadrons,
Promoted to the ranks of Lieutenant Commander in 1930 and Commander in
1937, during that decade Sherman served at the Naval Academy, commanded
Fighting Squadron 1, had charge of the Aviation Ordnance Section of the
Bureau of Ordnance, was Navigator of the aircraft carrier RANGER
(CV-4), and had duty on a number of flag staffs. In 1941–42,
he served with the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations and was a
member of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense, Canada-United States.
Captain Forrest Sherman worked closely with then US Army Major Albert
C. Wedemeyer author of the "Victory Plan of 1941", "the blueprint for
the mobilization of the United States Army for World War II".
Wedemeyer, while working in the War Plans Department, was commissioned
to write the "Victory Plan" for General George C. Marshall. The
"Victory Plan" projected the future organization for an army that did
not yet exist, outlined combat missions for a war not yet declared, and
computed war production requirements for industries that were still
committed to peacetime manufacture." Captain Forrest Sherman's personal
relationship with Major Albert Wedemeyer "ensured a community of
planning effort between the two services and pointed to a future in
which the services would acknowledge that mobilization planning was a
joint responsibility that one service alone could not conduct
adequately." (From "Writing the Victory Plan of 1941" by Charles E.
In May 1942, after reaching the rank of Captain, Sherman took command
of the carrier Wasp (CV-7), taking her through the first month of the
Solomon Islands campaign. After Wasp was sunk by a Japanese submarine
on 15 September 1942, he was awarded the Navy Cross for his
extraordinary heroism in command of the carrier during the opening days
of the South Pacific operations. Sherman then became Chief of Staff to
Commander Air Force, Pacific Fleet. In November 1943 Rear Admiral
Sherman was assigned as Deputy Chief of Staff to the Pacific Fleet
commander, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. He held that position for the
remainder of World War II, playing a critical role in planning the
offensives that brought victory in the Pacific, and was present when
Japan surrendered on 2 September 1945. Following a short tour as a
carrier division commander, in December 1945 Vice Admiral Sherman
became Deputy Chief of Naval Operations.
Sherman's next assignment, beginning in January 1948, was to command
the Navy's operating forces in the Mediterranean Sea. He was recalled
to Washington, D.C., at the end of October 1949 to become Chief of
Naval Operations, with the rank of Admiral. During the next sixteen
months, he helped the Navy recover from a period of intense political
controversy (as in the so-called "Revolt of the Admirals"), and oversaw
its responses to the twin challenges of a hot war in Korea and an
intensifying cold war elsewhere in the world. On 22 July 1951, while on
a military and diplomatic trip to Europe, Admiral Forrest Sherman died
in Naples, Italy, following a sudden series of heart attacks. Two
destroyers have been named USS Forrest Sherman in his honor, as was
Sherman Island, Antarctica, Forrest Sherman Field, NAS Pensacola, home
of the Blue Angels, and Forrest Sherman Field, Hospital Point, U.S.
Naval Academy. The US Department of Defense school in Naples, Italy,
was formerly called Forrest Sherman High School.
FORREST SHERMAN (DDG-98) is the 48th ship in the ARLEIGH BURKE (DDG-51)
Class of Aegis guided missile destroyers – the U.S.
most powerful destroyer fleet. These highly-capable, multi-mission
ships can conduct a variety of operations, from peacetime presence and
crisis management to sea control and power projection, in support of
National Military Strategy.
The mission of FORREST SHERMAN is to conduct sustained combat
operations at sea, providing primary protection for the
aircraft carriers and battle groups, as well as essential escort to
Navy and Marine Corps amphibious forces and auxiliary ships, and
independent operations as necessary. DDG-98 will be capable of fighting
of air, surface, and subsurface battles simultaneously. The ship
contains myriad offensive and defensive weapons designed to support
maritime defense needs well into the 21st century.
The 509.5-foot, 9,300-ton FORREST SHERMAN has an overall beam of 66.5
feet, and a navigational draft of 31.9 feet. Four gas turbine
propulsion plants will power the ship to speeds above 30 knots. A crew
of approximately 300 officers and crewmembers operate the ship.
DDG-98’s Aegis Combat System, the world’s foremost
weapons systems, includes the AN/SPY-1D phased array radar, the most
powerful air search radar in the Navy’s inventory, which
all directions simultaneously to detect, track and engage hundreds of
aircraft and missiles while continuously watching the sky for new
targets from the sea to the stratosphere. State-of-the-art C4I
(Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence) systems
provide Aegis destroyers and their crews with total situational
The ship is equipped with the MK-41 Vertical Launching System (VLS),
which fires a combination of up to 96 Standard surface-to-air, Tomahawk
surface-to-surface missiles and VLA antisubmarine missiles; and
AN/SQQ-89 Undersea Warfare System, with a bow-mounted AN/SQS-53C sonar
DDG-98 is a Flight IIA Aegis destroyer. This major upgrade program
includes the addition of two helicopter hangars that each accommodate a
Seahawk (SH-60B/R) helicopter. DDG-98 also has the LAMPS MK III
Undersea Warfare Control System, with helicopter landing and
replenishment facilities for the SH-60B. The new design also features a
zonal electrical system, an advanced water purification system, and
other shipboard improvements.
The potent offensive and defensive capabilities of Aegis destroyers are
achieved with maximum survivability. Extensive topside armor is placed
around vital combat systems and machinery spaces, and a
large-waterplane-area hull form significantly improves seaseeking
ability. Acoustic, infrared and radar signatures have been reduced, and
vital shipboard systems are hardened against electromagnetic pulse and
over-pressure damage. A comprehensive Collective Protection System
guards against nuclear, chemical and biological agents.
State-of-the-art propulsion and damage control systems are managed by
an all new fiber-optic data multiplexing system.
Truly multi-mission combatants, Aegis destroyers are the most balanced
surface warships ever built, with the weapons, electronics, helicopter
support facilities, and propulsion, auxiliary and survivability systems
to carry out the Navy’s missions today, and into the next